Hurricanes are powerhouse weather events that suck heat from tropical waters to fuel their fury. These violent storms form over the ocean, often beginning as a tropical wave- a low pressure area that moves through the moist rich tropics, possibly enhancing shower and thunderstorm activity.
As this weather system moves westward across the tropics, warm Ocean air rises into the storm, forming an area of low pressure underneath. This causes more air to rush in. The air then rises then cools, forming clouds and thunderstorms. Up in the clouds, water condenses and forms water droplets, releasing even more heat to power the storm.
When wind speeds within such a storm reach 74 mph, it’s classified as a hurricane. The terms “hurricane” and tropical cyclone refer to the same kind of storm : a rotating, organized systems of clouds and thunderstorms that originates over tropical or subtropical waters and has closed, low level circulation.
During just one hurricane, raging winds can churn out about half as much energy as the electrical generating capacity of the entire world, while cloud and rain formation from the same storm might release staggering 400 times that amount.
THE EYE OF THE STORM:
The eye of the storm is located in the center of the storm. Typically circular and ovular, the appearance reminiscent of a human eye when viewed from above. While the area inside the eye is relatively calm, the surrounding eyewall is where the highest wind and weather occur. If the eye of the storm is over your area, you will experience a short period of calm. Then, as the other side of the eyewall passes over, hurricane-force winds will quickly ramp up from the opposite direction.